jade refers to an ornamental mineral, often known for its green types, though appears naturally in other colors as well, especially yellow and white. jade can refer to either of two different silicate minerals: nephrite, or jadeite.
lapis lazuli, or lapis for short, is a deep-blue metamorphic stone used as a semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense color.
ruby is a pink to blood-red coloured gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum . ruby is one of the traditional cardinal gems, together with amethyst, sapphire, emerald, and diamond.