diamond is one of the best-known and most sought-after gemstones. they have been used as decorative items since ancient times. in the middle ages, the gemstone was considered a stone that could provide healing powers, curing depression and opening the heart.
Alexandrite is known as "Emerald by day, ruby by night" because it has one of the most dramatic color changes among gemstones, such as green in sunlight and red in incandescent light. The very precious habit of alexandrite color change is caused by the presence of minor impurities in the element chromium. The most desirable Alexandrite colors are those that have a very clear color change.
amethyst is a violet variety of quartz. the name comes from a greek word, a refered to the belief that the stone protected its owner from drunkenness. the ancient greeks wore amethyst and carved drinking vessels from it in the belief that it would prevent intoxication.