emerald is a gemstone and a type of the mineral beryl colored green by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium. emerald in antiquity were mined in Egypt at locations on Mount Smaragdus since 1500 BCE.
garnets are a category of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives. all species of garnets possess similar physical properties and crystal forms, but differ in chemical composition.
Aquamarine, named for the Latin phrase "water of the sea", is the blue to blue-green variety Beryl. Beryl also contains other gem varieties, including Emerald, and some lesser known varieties such as Morganite and Heliodor.